The first wind farm in Pakistan constructed by China Three Gorges Corporation, Three Gorges First Wind Power Project, which was at the same time the first wind farm to be constructed by a Chinese company, started commercial operation in 2014. Shortly after operation of the Three Gorges First Wind Power Project, a second and third wind farm was decided. Despite, these two wind farms being understood as two separate projects – the Three Gorges Second Wind Power Project and the Three Gorges Third Wind Power Project – they can also be seen as two phases of the Three Gorges Wind Power Project.
The first phase of the project, namely the Three Gorges First Wind Power Project, precedes the Belt and Road Initiative (BRI) and was established on a Build-Own-Operate model with a cost of 130.28 million USD. The second and third phase, the Three Gorges Second and Third Wind Power Project, are affiliated with the early harvest program of the China-Pakistan Economic Corridor.
The two projects, Three Gorges Second Wind Farm and Three Gorges Third Wind Farm, have a designed capacity of 49.5 MW and 33 wind turbines each. For each of the three projects a company was established, the Three Gorges First Wind Farm Pakistan (Pvt.) Ltd., the Three Gorges Second Wind Farm Pakistan Ltd., and the Three Gorges Third Wind Farm Pakistan (Pvt.) Ltd., who are all arms of the Three Gorges Corporation, one of the world’s largest energy companies.
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The UEP Wind Farm is one of five Wind Farms developed under the China-Pakistan Economic Corridor (CPEC) of the Belt and Road Initiative. With an installed capacity of 99 MW it is the largest wind power project developed under CPEC. Like most other wind projects in Pakistan, the UEP Wind Farm is located in Jhimpir, which is part of the so-called “Gharo-Jhimpir wind corridor”, a 180 km stretch of coastal land with high wind power production potential.
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In September 2017, Pakistan’s National Electric Power Regulatory Authority released the information that the share of wind power in the overall energy mix had increased by 0.46 per cent to 1.23 per cent. This brings the country closer to reach its 2030 target of 5 per cent wind-power of its overall electricity output. An important component of this wind power expansion is the Sachal Windfarm Project, a wind farm, developed on 275 hectare of land, with a total installed capacity of 49.5 MW. The project is located in the Jhimpir wind corridor in the Thatta District, Province of Sindh, being developed under the China-Pakistan Economic Corridor (CPEC) of the Belt and Road Initiative.
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The Dawood Wind Power Project is a wind farm developed on 1,720 acres of tidal flats in the Province of Sindh. This is the first China-backed wind farm in Pakistan. The project is being developed under the China-Pakistan Economic Corridor (CPEC) of the Belt and Road Initiative.
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