BRI Factsheet Series – Construction of Breakwaters, Gwadar Port

The Gwadar Port was inaugurated back in 2007. In 2015, it was announced that both the city of Gwadar as well as its port will be further developed under the framework of the China-Pakistan Economic Corridor (CPEC). The Gwadar Port is owned by the Pakistan government Gwadar Port Authority (GPA) but since 2015 it is operated by the state-run Chinese firm China Overseas Port Holding Company (COPHC), which leased it for 43 years. The specifics of the lease have been agreed on in a Concession Agreement. In this agreement it is stated, that the Construction of Breakwaters of the Gwadar Port is the responsibility of the Gwadar Port Authority in order to facilitate construction of additional terminals at the Port. Breakwaters are structures constructed on coasts which protect from weather and longshore drift. The Construction of Breakwaters of the Gwadar Port is part of a larger series of construction projects in Gwadar.


Project Information

Project name
Construction of Breakwaters, Gwadar Port

Transport (Seaport) 


BRI Corridor
China-Pakistan Economic Corridor (CPEC)

Current Status

Chinese Involvement

Projected Total Project Costs
USD 130 million

Mix of Chinese Government Concessional Loans and Grant from Supervising Agency Ministry of Ports and Shipping of the Government of Pakistan.

Gwadar Port Authority

Chinese contractors
China Overseas Port Holding Company (State-owned Enterprise)

Additional Project Information

Breakwaters with a length of 1.200-1.500 km were to be constructed for the establishment of new berthing facilities along the eastern side.

Project Sustainability

Possible negative environmental effects for the Balochistan coast through different kind of waste (oil spill etc.) pouring into the sea.

Further Information

CEPEC – China Pakistan Economic Corridor
History of Gwadar
China Overseas Ports Holding Company Pakistan

Belt and Road Projects (selection)


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